More (see below)

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More on diabetes added  5/22(see below)

Roasted chicken -- Presentation, presentation, presentation (added 5/11/17)

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Diabetes: A Modern Day Epidemic

Our country is facing a modern day epidemic -- diabetes !!! This disease is caused by high levels of sugar (called glucose) remaining in the blood vessels long after a meal or snack. We need food to power our body to do it’s work. Every cell in our body needs glucose as a fuel source to do it’s job. Our lungs need fuel to breathe just as our heart needs fuel to beat.Every cell in our body needs glucose to do its work and keep us functioning.

 

The problem is that glucose can’t get out of the blood stream without the help of insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is manufactured in the pancreas. Our body functions with many checks and balances. When something changes in our body, it tries to return to its normal state. After you eat,  the food is turned into glucose which raises the amount of glucose in the blood. The pancreas notices this increase in glucose and sends out insulin to help the glucose get into the cells. Insulin is often thought of as a key to unlock the cells to accept the glucose. After a period of time most of the glucose is absorbed into the cells and the blood glucose level returns to a normal range.

Diabetes: What Is It?

Sugar In The Blood

A doctor told you that you have sugar in your blood. This is diabetes. You didn’t do anything wrong. Diabetes is a disease - like having a heart attack. There are a lot of people with diabetes. The number of people with diabetes is rising.  Diabetes is a leading cause of death in the world. Diabetes can be controlled so that you can have a good life. The way to do this is to change your lifestyle.

What Caused My Diabetes?

Diabetes has no cure and can lead to an early death. You must change your lifestyle now or you will have health problems soon. Diabetes causes more deaths yearly than AIDS and breast cancer combined. As of 2012  over 29 million Americans people had diabetes. The number is growing. This is over 9 percent of Americans. When I am talking about diabetes it is related to only adults

One of the leading causes of diabetes is family history. Most people with diabetes have close blood relatives that have diabetes. This means parents, grandparents, aunts, and cousins. There is nothing that you can do about this. As they say, "you can’t pick your family". You are stuck with them. There is no escape.

Another cause is aging. Our bodies are wearing out. Joints, hearts, lungs and other organs are wearing out. As we age we have more health problems. This includes diabetes. You can not do much about it. We all get older. We can live healthier by changing our lifestyle. We can not stop aging. We just adapt to aging. Eyeglasses, canes, hearing aids, and changes in our diet help us cope with the aging process.

Pre-diabetes

Adults need to have a physical once a year. This is more important when you hit 40. If your doctor tells you that your blood sugar is high you need to act ASAP. Before you have anything to eat your blood sugar should be below 100. If your blood sugar is between 100-125 you have pre-diabetes. You are lucky. This is a sign that if you don’t change your lifestyle, you will have diabetes in a few years. If your blood sugar goes above 125 - you have diabetes. You need to make changes in your lifestyle now before you have diabetes. Pre-diabetes is a signal that you can still do something before you get diabetes.   

Diet

Carbohydrates

In order to live with diabetes, you need to change your lifestyle. It is not as painful as you may think. The trick is to make changes gradually. Diet will be your most important change. You can also help your family change to a healthy diet. It will help you if the whole family has the same diet as you. It will help your family to live a healthier life. If your family has a history of diabetes, your children are at risk to develop diabetes.


Empty carbohydrates are the enemy. Carbohydrates change to sugar in your blood quickly. Empty carbohydrates provide no nutrition - only calories. Empty carbohydrates include things like sweet desserts. Other empty carbohydrates include white products. This is white flour and things made with white flour. This includes things like white bread and white pasta. White rice, and other white flour products that have been processed. All the nutrition has been taken out. This gives products a longer shelf life.


Instead of white products, you need to eat foods in their original form. This includes whole wheat bread, whole wheat pasta, buckwheat pasta, and brown rice. These products actually taste good. Whole wheat products are available in most grocery stores. I like whole wheat bread with different types of seeds. This bread is nice toasted and makes good sandwiches. Your whole family will enjoy whole wheat bread and pasta once they get used to them.


Another important category of good carbohydrates is fresh fruit and vegetables. Fresh is better. Frozen is good. Canned fruit and vegetables are OK but the vitamins are cut out. Most of the vitamins are in the juice. The juice in canned vegetables also contains a lot of salt. The juice in canned fruit contains a lot of sugar. Both salt and sugar are enemies of everyone, especially diabetics. It is best to eat fruits and vegetables with the skin on as the skin contains fiber and vitamins which we need. Scrub vegetables and fruit with a brush to remove any dirt.

Fresh Fruit

Type 1 & Type 2 Diabetes

We often hear about type 1 and type 2 diabetes. What is the difference? Type 1 diabetes was formerly referred to as juvenile diabetes or child-onset diabetes. In type 1 diabetes a person’s immune system completely destroys the cells that produce insulin. Glucose (sugar) which feeds every cell in the body can not be absorbed by the cells without insulin. Think of insulin as a key that unlocks the cells to let glucose in. Most often type 1 diabetes starts early in life. Around 5-10 out of 100 people who have diabetes have type 1 diabetes. People with type 1 diabetes are completely dependent on insulin injections. It is critical that people with type 1 match their intake of calories each day with their insulin dosage prescribed by their medical professional. If the calories and insulin dosage don’t match there will be high levels of insulin or glucose (sugar) in the blood. Either condition causes severe consequences. People with type 1 diabetes have a more difficult time regulating their insulin dosage. People with type 1 need to take their blood sugar level several times a day at home with their own blood sugar monitor.

Type 2 diabetes, formerly called adult-onset diabetes, is a condition where the body still produces some of its own insulin but does not produce enough insulin to bring the glucose level back to a normal level by itself. People with type 2 diabetes who can’t control their diabetes with diet and lifestyle changes need to take pills or injections of insulin. The type of oral medication (pills) that is commonly prescribed (and the one that I take) is metformin. If you watch TV in the evening you will see many newer oral drugs advertised that treat type 2 diabetes. There are also several types of insulin and also newer types of insulin delivery systems.

The reason why the terms juvenile onset and adult onset diabetes is not used as much is because children can get type 2 and adults can get type 1. The main difference is that with type 1 diabetes the body produces no insulin and with type 2 the body produces some of its own insulin.

Insulin Bottles And Syringe

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Roasted Chicken From The Grocery Store

Roasted chicken is a good choice for a quick and inexpensive meal. Most grocery stores have roasted chickens. Wholesale clubs also carry roasted chickens and they are larger and plumper than from a regular grocery store at the same price.

Roasted chickens are a nice bring along to a covered dish event. The problem is that when the event is over, the person who brought the chicken carries most of it back home. The problem is presentation. People often bring the roasted chicken and just plop it down. It is unappetizing. People just don't like hacking at the bird, especially if holding a plate. They only have one hand to scoop up the food.

This is the way to make an empty plate return home. First get an attractive plate to put the chicken on. Put the chicken on a cutting board and cut the meat up. Cut the legs off, then the wings. Cut each breast from the center line down to as far as it goes. Take this breast meat, lay it horizontally and slice pieces off. Repeat on the other side of the breast. Pull any other meat off the carcass, then arrange all the chicken on an attractive plate in an attractive way. Pour the juice from the container over the chicken. That is a simple way to make the chicken presentation more appetizing and this process is quick and easy (especially after the first time).

I take it one step further and put the juice in a saucepan and add another ingredient in equal parts to the chicken juice. This is up to you if you want to take this extra step. Bring the sauce to a quick boil and pour over the chicken platter. As for the second ingredient, I have used Chinese sweet chili sauce, dry sherry, white wine, white vermouth, vodka, gin, etc. Boiling briefly will boil off the alcohol. Lastly, you can decorate the platter with some edible greens that you may have in your refrigerator. Be sure to take a serving spoon along. Good luck. Be ready to take an empty plate home with many compliments.

 Copy and paste 2 YouTube videos on carving a roasted chicken                         

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Iyrkjvr23Qc

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ft4oDhz6cuw

Yum Yum Yum

 

 

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